Jihadist Hotbeds

COD: Varvelli2016


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Jihadist Hotbeds. Understanding Local
Radicalization Processes


Titolo: Jihadist Hotbeds. Understanding Local Radicalization Processes
Autore: Arturo Varvelli (edited by)
Introduzione: Paolo Magri
Collana: ISPI (coedizione)
Anno: 2016
ISBN: (Cartaceo) 978-88-99647-13-1
(pdf) 978-88-99647-14-8
(ePub – in uscita) 978-88-99647-15-5
(kindle – in uscita) 978-88-99647-16-2
Prezzo: 9,90 €

Recent analyses reveal that the vast majority of jihadists come from or have some connections with specific areas or districts within different states. They can be labelled as local/regional “hotbeds” of extremism. Molenbeek in Belgium, Gornje Maoče and Ošve in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Minneapolis in the US, Kasserine and Ben Guerdane in Tunisia, Sirte and Derna in Libya, Sinai in Egypt, Pankisi Valley and Dagestan in the Caucasus: each area has unique characteristics that lead to “exporting” fighters or creating new IS-controlled zones.
Starting from the debate on the origin and nature of jihadist militancy that is dividing the most important scholars of Islam, this report outlines a broad spectrum of radicalization factors leading to the emergence of jihadists hotbeds, such as poverty, unemployment, lack of job prospects, juvenile delinquency, trafficking and smuggling, socio-political, economic and physical marginalization, the role of Salafist ideology as well as the influence of brotherhood networks. All these elements have been frequently highlighted as factors or triggers that could contribute to explaining dynamics of radicalization leading to active violent militancy under the ideals of jihadism. To get a better sense of both the differences and similarities amongst the various hotbeds, the report provides an overview of some of the largest contributors to Islamic extremists and foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq.

Arturo Varvelli
Senior Research Fellow and Head of the ISPI Terrorism Programme. He teaches History and Institutions of the Arab World at the IULM University in Milan, he also is Visiting Fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy (EFD) in Brussels.

Nato ottant’anni fa, l’ISPI è un think tank indipendente dedicato allo studio delle dinamiche internazionali, con l’obiettivo di favorire la consapevolezza del ruolo dell’Italia in un contesto globale in continua evoluzione. È l’unico istituto italiano – e fra i pochissimi in Europa – ad affiancare all’attività di ricerca un altrettanto significativo impegno nella formazione, nella convegnistica e nelle attività specifiche di analisi e orientamento sugli scenari internazionali per imprese ed enti. Tutta l’attività è caratterizzata da un approccio interdisciplinare – assicurato dalla stretta collaborazione tra specialisti in studi economici, politici, giuridici, storici e strategici, provenienti anche da ambiti non accademici – e dalla partnership con analoghe istituzioni di tutto il mondo.


The Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI) is an independent think tank dedicated to being a resource for government officials, business executives, journalists, civil servants, students and the public at large wishing to better understand international issues. It monitors geopolitical areas as well as major trends in international affairs.
Founded in Milan in 1934, ISPI is the only Italian Institute – and one of the few in Europe – to place research activities side by side to training, organization of international conferences, and the analysis of the international environment for businesses. Comprehensive interdisciplinary analysis is achieved through close collaboration with experts (academics and non-academics alike) in political, economic, legal, historical and strategic studies and through an ever-growing network of think tanks, research centers and Universities in Europe and beyond